A sensory mosaic to understand the environmental crisis

Nos systèmes sensoriels sont-ils équipés de « détecteurs de vie » ? Peuvent-ils évaluer la biodiversité environnante ? Comment certaines espèces réagissent à des changements environnementaux rapides ?

« Écologie sensorielle » est un nouvel enseignement pluridisciplinaire – à l’interface des neurosciences, de la psychologie expérimentale, de la philosophie, de l’éthologie et de l‘écologie – qui débute en février 2023 au sein du CERES à l'ENS-PSL. 

How robust are meta-analyses to publication bias? Sensitivity analysis methods and empirical findings

Publication bias can distort meta-analytic results, sometimes justifying considerable skepticism toward meta-analyses. This talk will discuss recently developed statistical sensitivity analyses for publication bias, which enable statements such as: “For publication bias to shift the observed point estimate to the null, ‘significant’ results would need to be at least 10-fold more likely to be published than negative or ‘non-significant’ results” or “no amount of publication bias could explain away the average effect.” The methods are based on inverse-probability weighted estimators and use r

The rational use of cognitive resources

Psychologists and computer scientists have very different views of the mind. Psychologists tell us that humans are error-prone, using simple heuristics that result in systematic biases. Computer scientists view human intelligence as aspirational, trying to capture it in artificial intelligence systems. How can we reconcile these two perspectives? In this talk, I will argue that we can do so by reconsidering how we think about rational action.